Employment Situation in September: State-Level Analysis


Nonfarm payroll employment increased in 33 states and the District of Columbia in September compared to the previous month while 16 states lost jobs. Wisconsin recorded no change. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, nationwide total nonfarm payroll employment increased at a slower rate by 194,000 in September, following an upwardly revised increase of 366,000 jobs in August.

On a month-over-month basis, employment data was strong in Texas, which added 95,800 jobs, followed by Florida (+84,500) and California (+47,400). Sixteen states lost a total of 65,000 jobs, where the largest decline was reported in Louisiana (-29,600).  In percentage terms, Florida employment increased by 1.0% while Louisiana reported a 1.6% decline between August and September.

Year-over-year ending in September, 5.7 million jobs have been recovered marking the economic rebound from the COVID-19 pandemic induced recession. All the states and District of Columbia added jobs compared to a year ago. The range of job gains spanned 795,800 jobs in California to 1,700 jobs added in Wyoming. In percentage terms, Hawaii reported the highest increase by 12.9%, while Wyoming increased by 0.6% compared to a year ago.


Across the 48 states which reported construction sector jobs data—which includes both residential as well as non-residential construction— 30 states reported an increase in September compared to August, while 16 states lost construction sector jobs. Iowa and Kansas reported no change. Texas added 8,900 construction jobs while Tennessee lost 2,800. Overall, the construction industry added 22,000 jobs in September compared to the previous month. In percentage terms, Connecticut increased by 3.0% while Alaska reported a decline of 4.9% between August and September.

Year-over-year, construction sector jobs in the U.S. increased by 191,000, which is a 2.6% increase compared to the September 2020 level. California added 35,600 jobs, which was the largest gain of any state, while New York lost 11,700 jobs, which was the largest decline. In percentage terms, West Virginia had the highest annual growth rate in the construction sector by 10.8%. Over this period, Wyoming reported the largest decline at 7.2%.


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