Employment Situation in January: State-Level Analysis

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Nonfarm payroll employment increased in 36 states in January compared to the previous month while 14 states and the District of Columbia reported job losses. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, nationwide total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 166,000 in January, following a decrease of 140,000 jobs in December.

On a month-over-month basis, employment data was strong in Minnesota adding 51,800 jobs, followed by New York (+42,700) and Pennsylvania (+35,700). Fourteen states and the District of Columbia lost a total of 98,600 jobs, largest decline reported in California (-69,900). In percentage terms, Minnesota increased by 1.9% while South Carolina reported a decline of 0.6% between December and January.

Year-over-year, ending in January, except for Idaho (+8,300), all other states and the District of Columbia decreased in employment, totaling 9.6 million jobs lost across the country. The range of job losses span 2,600 jobs lost in Utah to 1.8 million job lost in California. In percentage terms, Hawaii reported the steepest decline at 18.4% while Utah lost 0.2% of nonfarm payroll compared to a year ago. Idaho increased nonfarm payroll employment by 1.1% during this time.

In the construction sector specifically, which includes both residential and non-residential construction, across the 48 states which reported construction sector jobs data, 25 states reported an increase in January compared to December, while 19 states lost construction sector jobs. Four states reported no change. Florida added 3,500 construction jobs while California lost 4,000 construction sector jobs during this time. Overall, the construction industry added 1,000 jobs in January compared to the previous month.  In percentage terms, Vermont increased by 3.4% while South Carolina reported a decline of 3.0% between December and January.

Year-over-year, the U.S lost 214,000 construction sector jobs, which is a 2.8% decrease compared to January 2020. Idaho added 4,700 jobs, which was the largest gains of any state, while Texas lost 49,700 jobs, which was the largest decline of any state. In percentage terms, Idaho had the highest annual growth rate in construction sector by 8.6%. Over this period, Louisiana reported the largest decline at 13.6%.



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