Average Monthly Electric Bill by State

*** Please note this post was updated in March 2015 using 2013 data. That update can be found here.

The average monthly electric bill for residential properties in Hawaii was $203.15, the highest in the nation for 2012, according to recently released data from the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA). The average residential electric bill, by contrast, in New Mexico was $74.62, the lowest in the nation. In the contiguous United States, the South Atlantic region had the highest average monthly electric bill at $122.71, while the Pacific region (California, Oregon, and Washington) had the lowest.


The EIA is the government agency responsible for the collection and dissemination of energy information. EIA conducts an annual survey of the electric power industry. Results from the survey are used to estimate the average residential monthly electric bill by state.

The four categories of electric industry consumers tracked by the EIA are residential, commercial, industrial, and transportation. Residential consumers account for the largest share of electric industry sales at 37.2% with commercial consumers a close second at 35.9%. Industrial consumers account for 26.7% of sales.


In addition to being the largest category of consumers, residential consumers generally pay the highest prices. The average retail price paid by U.S. residential consumers in 2012 was 11.88 cents/kWh. The average retail price paid by commercial consumers was 10.09 cents/kWh while industrial consumers paid 6.67 cents/kWh.

The EIA also provides estimates of average residential monthly consumption and price by state. The average residential monthly price is given cents per kilowatt hour. A direct link to the 2012 statistics is provided below.

2012 Average Monthly Bill – Residential Electric

In 2012, the state with highest average monthly consumption was Louisiana at 1,254 kilowatt hours. The state with the lowest average monthly consumption was Maine at 531 kilowatt hours. The New England region had the lowest average monthly consumption. According to the EIA, over 80% of the homes in the Northeast rely on heating oil for space heating instead of electricity.


In 2012, the state with the highest average retail price was Hawaii at 37.34 cents/kWh. The state with the lowest average retail price was Louisiana at 8.37 cents/kWh.


The electric bill is a large part of the residential energy expenditures. Understanding differences in electric consumption and price by state is useful for home builders as energy efficiency is becoming a more desired feature. However, homeowners do expect a reasonable period of payback. A recent NAHB study examining home buyer preferences found that nine out of ten buyers would pay a 2 percent to 3 percent premium for a home with energy-efficient features and permanently lower utility bills. Homeowners in states with higher electrical prices are more likely to be interested in residential power production, like solar.


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29 replies

  1. I live in a one bedroom apt in Philadelphia, my electric bill is $180.00 a month. I freeze all winter, run 1 tv. And do one load of clothes a week.

  2. Having lived in Honolulu, I know how expensive it can get with the electric bill. I made some adjustments to the foundation and exterior of my home, which helped me save with the expenses. I worked with the roofing companies in Honolulu to fix my roofing and utilize materials that would be more durable. Sometimes, spending a little will save you money in the long run!

  3. I live alone, in South Carolina, near coast, on a cooperative electric system. I have new appliances, no freezer, hand wash dishes, averages 1 load cloths per week. New heat pump, set on 72 degrees to keep the living area at 70 degrees. Very little cooking done. I stay in 1 to 2 rooms all day. Usually keep windows shades closed for insulation. New windows, insulation, and home sealed. My electric bill, on average is 350.00/ month…..this cost does include 102.00/month for a new 15.5shear heat pump… Still leaves 250.00/month electric bill …. My kids in Tennessee have families with 2 and 3 children and their electric bill is 100.00month less than mine…. I have ask the power company for answers, but their answers is like talking to a politician….

  4. Kindly provide me the latest data on the average monthly electricity consumption (KWh) by apartment type. Provide web links also.

    In addition, provide me the average electricity consumption in KWh for one hour for air conditioners by horse power type for windows and split unit type among others. Include power drawn in watts when cooling and when not cooling by the types mentioned above. Include web links, tables, etc and formulas for calculating these.
    (For the purpose of clarity for example: What does an average 2HP split unit a/c consume for cooling in KWh for one hour?)

  5. have you pdated these figures for 2013 2014 est for 2015?

    This was a very informative article

    • Many people in Southern California refuse to use heat in the winter. I was that guy in December and January even as morning temps were 40 degrees outside and the inside was in the low 60s. I think that is half the reason why California’s energy use is way low.


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